The MPI library is intended to simplify the process of integrating MPI based codes with the HPX runtime. Any MPI function that is asynchronous and uses an MPI_Request may be converted into an hpx::future. The syntax is designed to allow a simple replacement of the MPI call with a futurized async version that accepts an executor instead of a communicator, and returns a future instead of assigning a request. Typically, an MPI call of the form

int MPI_Isend(buf, count, datatype, rank, tag, comm, request);


hpx::future<int> f = hpx::async(executor, MPI_Isend, buf, count, datatype, rank, tag);

When the MPI operation is complete, the future will become ready. This allows communication to integrated cleanly with the rest of HPX, in particular the continuation style of programming may be used to build up more complex code. Consider the following example, that chains user processing, sends and receives using continuations…

// create an executor for MPI dispatch
hpx::mpi::experimental::executor exec(MPI_COMM_WORLD);

// post an asynchronous receive using MPI_Irecv
hpx::future<int> f_recv = hpx::async(
    exec, MPI_Irecv, &data, rank, MPI_INT, rank_from, i);

// attach a continuation to run when the recv completes,
f_recv.then([=, &tokens, &counter](auto&&)
    // call an application specific function
    msg_recv(rank, size, rank_to, rank_from, tokens[i], i);

    // send a new message
    hpx::future<int> f_send = hpx::async(
        exec, MPI_Isend, &tokens[i], 1, MPI_INT, rank_to, i);

    // when that send completes
    f_send.then([=, &tokens, &counter](auto&&)
        // call an application specific function
        msg_send(rank, size, rank_to, rank_from, tokens[i], i);

The example above makes use of MPI_Isend and MPI_Irecv, but any MPI function that uses requests may be futurized in this manner. The following is a (non exhaustive) list of MPI functions that should be supported, though not all have been tested at the time of writing (please report any problems to the issue tracker).

int MPI_Isend(...);
int MPI_Ibsend(...);
int MPI_Issend(...);
int MPI_Irsend(...);
int MPI_Irecv(...);
int MPI_Imrecv(...);
int MPI_Ibarrier(...);
int MPI_Ibcast(...);
int MPI_Igather(...);
int MPI_Igatherv(...);
int MPI_Iscatter(...);
int MPI_Iscatterv(...);
int MPI_Iallgather(...);
int MPI_Iallgatherv(...);
int MPI_Ialltoall(...);
int MPI_Ialltoallv(...);
int MPI_Ialltoallw(...);
int MPI_Ireduce(...);
int MPI_Iallreduce(...);
int MPI_Ireduce_scatter(...);
int MPI_Ireduce_scatter_block(...);
int MPI_Iscan(...);
int MPI_Iexscan(...);
int MPI_Ineighbor_allgather(...);
int MPI_Ineighbor_allgatherv(...);
int MPI_Ineighbor_alltoall(...);
int MPI_Ineighbor_alltoallv(...);
int MPI_Ineighbor_alltoallw(...);

Note that the HPX mpi futurization wrapper should work with any asynchronous MPI call, as long as the function signature has the last two arguments MPI_xxx(..., MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Request *request) - internally these two parameters will be substituted by the executor and future data parameters that are supplied by template instantiations inside the hpx::mpi code.

See the API reference of this module for more details.